dorset chiapas solidarity

February 8, 2017

UNO Special Rapporteur Visits Mexico to Evaluate Human Rights Situation

Filed under: Human rights, Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , — dorsetchiapassolidarity @ 10:53 am

 

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UNO Special Rapporteur Visits Mexico to Evaluate Human Rights Situation

February 5, 2017

 

unoMichael Forst, UNO Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders. Photo@MuralChiapas

The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Michel Forst, visited Mexico from January 16 to 24 with the aim of assessing the situation of human rights defenders and evaluating the efforts made by the Mexican authorities for their protection. After traveling the country from Mexico City to the states of Chihuahua, Guerrero, Oaxaca and the State of Mexico, and meeting more than 800 defenders from 24 states, 60% of whom were women, the UNO Rapporteur noted “high levels of insecurity and violence faced by defenders in the country” in a “complex context marked by organized crime, corruption and state repression.”

Based on his observations, Forst points out that, “the situation of human rights defenders is marked by the criminalization of their activities through the undue and deliberate use of criminal law and manipulation of punitive power by both state and non-state players, to prevent and even avoid the legitimate activities of defenders to promote and protect human rights.” He also added that “the use of arbitrary arrests and detentions as an instrument to silence dissident voices and to curb social movements is also worrying (…) in many cases, those who defend human rights by reporting violations committed by the authorities are criminalized and face indirect reprisals through attacks or criminal proceedings directed against their families or people close to them.”

The Special Rapporteur expressed concern about the fact that “98% of crimes in Mexico are not solved”: “The low rate of successful investigations and solution of crimes committed against human rights defenders has generated a generalized sense of impunity.” He continued and warned that, “The lack of investigation and sanction of the aggressors sends a dangerous message that there are no consequences for committing such crimes. This creates an environment conducive to the repetition of violations.”

“Impunity has become the cause and effect of the general insecurity of human rights defenders in Mexico,” the Special Rapporteur warned at the close of his official visit to the country and presented a preliminary report with a series of recommendations to the authorities and other players to strengthen the protection of human rights defenders and facilitate their important work. Forst concluded by reaffirming his willingness to provide assistance to all players interested in combating impunity and ensuring the protection of defenders in Mexico.

 

https://sipazen.wordpress.com/2017/02/05/national-uno-special-rapporteur-visits-mexico-to-evaluate-human-rights-situation/

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September 6, 2016

Forced disappearance, a crime against humanity with impunity in Chiapas

Filed under: Frayba, Human rights — Tags: , — dorsetchiapassolidarity @ 4:42 am

 

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Centro de Derechos Humanos

Fray Bartolomé de las Casas, A.C.

                                                                      San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico

                                                                      30 August 2016

                                                                      Bulletin #16

 

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Forced disappearance, a crime against humanity with impunity in Chiapas

 

Forced disappearance is part of a strategy used by the Mexican State to strike terror in society and destroy organising initiatives. It is a serious infringement of rights, including human rights. Forced disappearance undermines human dignity and affects a range of rights:  personal freedom, personal integrity, the right to life and legal personality. Its systematic and historic use in Mexico represents a crime against humanity.

At the beginning of this year, after a field visit to our country, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights released its report on “The Situation of Human Rights in Mexico”. The report states that forced disappearances have spread to everyone, including people without any political affiliation1. Numerous national human rights organisations have counted more than 28,161 disappeared people in Mexico2.

In Chiapas, the cases of forced disappearance, within the context of the internal armed conflict and the result of the implementation of the Plan Chiapas Campaign 94, are committed by state police officers and paramilitary groups. They operate with the support, tolerance and authorisation of the Mexican State; they remain unpunished, which creates conditions for repeated activity. This counterinsurgency policy aims to suppress the indigenous communities’ struggle for autonomy and free determination and has also led to extrajudicial executions, massacres, and forced internal displacement.

In the Northern Zone of Chiapas between 1995 and 1999, the paramilitary group “ Organización Desarrollo Paz y Justicia” is responsible for 37 forced disappearances. On the 13th of November 2006 Mariano Pérez Guzmán and Antonio Peñate López were disappeared during the “Viejo Velasco” massacre which was carried out by police agents and civilians in the presence of personnel from the Public Ministry. In 2011 on the 4th of December, Alonso López Luna was disappeared from his community Banavil in the municipality of Tenejapa, and his family was forcibly displaced.

In the aforementioned cases, there are no progress towards justice, the information provided by the State is incomplete, inefficacious and protects the perpetrators.

The Mexican State has failed in its obligation to undertake a thorough search for the whereabouts of victims of forced disappearances. Families seeking to know the what happened to their loved ones are denied the right to truth, as well as a simple, fast and efficient response to find the missing people. This constitutes a form of cruel and inhuman treatment for families, the community, and society in general.

On the International Day of the Disappeared, the Fray Bartolomé de las Casas Centre for Human Rights remains committed to the persistent struggle of families and communities who have suffered from this strategy. We walk “another justice”, one that promotes the right to truth and alleviates the anguish and suffering caused by the uncertainty of a missing family member.

-*-

http://www.frayba.org.mx/archivo/boletines/160830_boletin_16_desaparicion_forzada.pdf

1 CIDH. The Situation of Human Rights in Mexico, March 2016. Available at:

http://www.oas.org/es/cidh/informes/pdfs/Mexico2016-es.pdf

2 Among these, The Mexican Commission for the of Defense and Promotion of Human Rights:  We don’t forget. A call for Justice for all the victims of disappearance in Mexico. July 2016. Available at:  http://cmdpdh.org/2016/07/no-olvidamos-un-llamado-por-justicia-para-todas-las-victimas-de-desaparicion-en-mexico/

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March 30, 2016

Monthly commemoration of Las Abejas de Acteal Civil Society

Filed under: Acteal, Uncategorized — Tags: , , , — dorsetchiapassolidarity @ 6:00 am

 

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 Monthly commemoration of Las Abejas de Acteal Civil Society

 

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On March 22, Las Abejas de Acteal Civil Society commemorated the massacre at Acteal on their sacred ground, recording their word in a statement. After 18 years and three months they continue to denounce that “the pain and the memory are still present […]. There is no justice, because there is no peace in our country. As an organization, we always speak the truth and at the same time we denounce the most violent acts in our country. Our mission and our commitment is to work for peace.”

According to their statement, the defence of the life of the people and of nature now seems to be a crime. “All those who rise to defend and protest their rights find just one response from the government: repression, murder and imprisonment.” They mentioned Berta Caceres from Honduras as a recent example, the social activist and defender who was murdered in her home on March 3 last, recalling that the Mexican environmental defender, Gustavo Castro Soto, was present and was wounded in the event. “Our world is upside down, with the laws and the authorities protecting the criminals and persecuting the citizens who struggle for justice. Our Political Constitution is out of date because the President of the Republic continues to make reforms that do not benefit the Mexican people. They only benefit the rich and foreign companies. And to the Mexican people whose rights it violates, it responds with crumbs and repression.” They ended the statement with a call “to take on a peaceful struggle because violence does not bring life. We hope to march united until peace triumphs.”

 

https://sipazen.wordpress.com/2016/03/28/chiapas-monthly-commemoration-of-las-abejas-de-acteal-civil-society/

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March 24, 2016

Las Abejas Denounce Impunity and the Criminalisation of those in Struggle

Filed under: Acteal, Indigenous, Uncategorized — Tags: , , , , — dorsetchiapassolidarity @ 12:10 pm

 

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Las Abejas Denounce Impunity and the Criminalisation of those in Struggle

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Communique of Las Abejas of Acteal 22nd March, 2016

Our Political Constitution is Outdated because the President of the Republic Continues to make Reforms that don’t Benefit the Mexican People

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Blog, ActealCivil Society Organization Las Abejas

Sacred Land of the Acteal Martyrs

         Acteal, Ch’enalvó, Chiapas, Mexico.

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                            March 22, 2016

 

 

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To Social and Political Organizations

To Human Rights Defenders

To the Alternative Media

To the National and International Press

To National and International Civil Society

To the council of good government

To the Indigenous National Congress (CNI)

And to public opinion

 

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Brothers and Sisters,

Again the time has come, the day and the hour, to come together in this sacred land. Today, 18 years and three months after the massacre in Acteal, we celebrate the commemoration of the martyrs. Only for the love of the creator of the sky and earth, we return today to see each other with all physical, moral, and spiritual presence. It is not easy to forget the cruellest acts in the history of humanity. Although the time and the hour have elapsed; the pain and the memory continue present. And each time a situation of injustice and of violence occurs in any part of the world, we feel hurt, because we are all children of GOD.

A very clear and recent example is the death of the compañera, social struggler, Berta Cáceres of Honduras, as a result of a cowardly attack in her residence on March 3, 2016, where compañero Gustavo Castro Soto was injured. It seems that to defend life, people and nature is a crime. And those in charge of administering justice seem to better support and reward the great crimes against humanity, than to punish them. Our world is upside down, with the laws and the authorities protecting the criminals and prosecuting the citizens who struggle for justice.

Our political constitution is out of date because the president of the republic continues to make reforms that do not benefit the Mexican people. They only benefit the rich and foreign companies. And the Mexican people whose rights they violate only receive crumbs and repression.

Our previous constitution was well established; it reflected individual and social rights like the right of the campesinxs to the land, because that constitution was made with the sacrifice of our grandfathers who gave their lives and blood during the Mexican Revolution. We are very sorry that the rulers never had in hand the history of our country. They do not know the meaning of our national flag, or which rights are enshrined in our constitution. Those rulers have completely trampled and forgotten it; they never take into account the people that gave their life for it.

All of those that rise up to defend and protest for their rights are met with the same response from the government: repression, assassination and imprisonment. A clear example of this is the young students of Ayotzinapa who were disappeared. The families of these young people have continued for a year and a half to demand justice and the return of their children alive, but the authorities do not want to heed the cry of the people.

Ultimately, the reason is that they will not judge and condemn their own actions; that is very clear, it is the same thing that happened here in Acteal: they continue to misrepresent the facts of what happened on 22nd December, 1997, because they themselves designed and planned the counterinsurgency, they financed and trained the paramilitaries. And also they gave freedom to the assassins although they were already sentenced and had confessed to these cruel events in Acteal.

 

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Perhaps the rulers do not think of the direction that leads to justice and the direction that our country takes. Today the people are tired and very desperate because there is no justice and because there is no peace in our country. We are an organization which always proclaims the truth and at the same time, denounces the violent acts in our country because our mission and our commitment is to work for peace. To love one another as our Priest (Father) has taught us, but thanks to the prophets who announced the truth and denounced all mortal sins which carry us to perdition.

Today we also thank Father Marcelo Pérez from the indigenous Tzotzil region, who is committed to the struggle for life of the people of Simojovel who are threatened by so much violence, by the trafficking of drugs, by alcoholism, prostitution, the trafficking of arms and even the buying of consciences to make them abandon this dignified struggle.

We, as the authentic Abejas of Acteal join the struggle for the life of the people that we all long for, not only in Simojovel but in many parts of the world, we stand in solidarity with all of those who suffer and struggle for another possible world.

Brothers and sister, we call on you to take up a peaceful struggle because violence does not bring life. We hope to march together until peace triumphs.

 

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Justice for the case of Acteal

No more massacres in Chiapas and in Mexico

Stop the impunity in Chiapas and Mexico

No more privatization of natural resources

No more massacres and persecutions against the people

Justice in the case of Berta Cáceres

Long live Resistance and Autonomy

 

Sincerely,

The Voice of the Organization of the Civil Society Las Abejas

For the Board of Directors:

Sebastián Pérez Vásquez

José Ramón Vásquez Entzin

Mariano Jiménez Gutiérrez

Vicente Sánchez Ordóñez

Juan Pérez Gómez

http://acteal.blogspot.mx/2016/03/nuestra-constitucion-politica-esta.html

 

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November 14, 2015

Ejido Morelia: Impunity for the Army

Filed under: Zapatistas — Tags: , , — dorsetchiapassolidarity @ 4:04 pm

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Ejido Morelia: Impunity for the Army

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The victims’ family members attend the recognition of responsibility in San Cristóbal. Photo: Chiapas Paralelo

By: Miguel Angel de los Santos*

In January 1994 an internal armed conflict began in Chiapas, when the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN, its initials in Spanish) declared war against the Mexican National Army and took various municipal capitals. Armed conflicts are governed by the rules of International Humanitarian Law, among them the Geneva Conventions and their protocols, which establish, among other things, that the parties in conflict must respect those who do not take part in the hostilities, and those who, having taken part, are injured or have been taken prisoner. Those who do not comply with these norms incur war crimes and violate human rights.

It was within the above context that a Mexican National Army brigade entered the Ejido Morelia, in the municipality of Altamirano, Chiapas, the morning of January 7, 1994. They detained 33 indigenous men, who they submitted and laid face down on the basketball court. They also detained Severiano Santiz Gómez, Sebastián Santiz López and Hermelindo Santiz Gómez, who were separated in order to take them to the sacristy of the church, where they were tortured, for allegedly belonging to the EZLN. This was the last time they were seen or heard. A few weeks later, their remains appeared near the ejido. They had been executed by their captors in violation of the norms of International Humanitarian Law.

Despite clear evidence, the Mexican National Army has denied responsibility for the acts and the Mexican State continues protecting it, refusing to investigate or simulating doing so, in order to avoid punishing the military personnel involved and responsible for the arbitrary execution.

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) had already pointed out the Mexican State’s international responsibility for the violations that the soldiers incurred. Such reproach is clear in the background report number 48/97, derived from case 11.411, known as Severiano and Hermelindo Santiz Gómez “Ejido Morelia.” [1]

Almost twenty-two years later, the State has accepted its international responsibility in the human rights violations that the Mexican National Army committed, and in the terms in which the IACHR would point it out. Nevertheless, this admission has not represented punishment of those responsible.

On November 10, the signing of an Agreement for Attention to the Background Report No. 48/97 was carried out. Representatives of the Mexican State and the widows of the three victims signed the agreement.

Starting with the international principle that one who violates an international obligation, like the rights provided in the American Convention on Human Rights, is obliged to make reparations, the agreement contemplates the reparations measures agreed to by the parties, and that the State has to implement.

About the factual basis for the referenced background report, the ministerial investigation will continue until the complete clarification of the facts and the sanction of those responsible. They also agreed on diverse rehabilitation measures for family members of the victims; a public act of recognition of responsibility; the construction of a community park and corresponding compensatory indemnifications.

The path of justice is open, and the agreement represents an important gesture from the Mexican State to recognize and admit its responsibility in the deprivation of the lives of Severiano Santiz Gómez, Sebastián Santiz López and Hermelindo Santiz Gómez; nevertheless, it turns out that the human rights violations will only be resolved and compensated for when those responsible are taken to the courts and a sanction is imposed on them.

* Miguel Angel de los Santos is the lawyer for the victims’ families.

[1] http://www.cidh.oas.org/annualrep/97span/Mexico11.411.htm

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Originally Published in Spanish by Chiapas Paralelo

Translation: Chiapas Support Committee

Friday, November 13, 2015

http://www.chiapasparalelo.com/opinion/2014/01/ejido-morelia-veinte-anos-esperando-por-la-justicia/

http://www.chiapasparalelo.com/opinion/2015/11/ejido-morelia-impunidad-para-el-ejercito/

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September 13, 2015

Impunity and provocation of the EZLN: A Global Offensive?

Filed under: Frayba, Paramilitary, Zapatista — Tags: , , , , , — dorsetchiapassolidarity @ 2:20 pm

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Impunity and provocation of the EZLN: A Global Offensive?

Compañero Galeano. Justice not revenge.

Compañero Galeano. Justice not revenge.

By: Magdalena Gómez

Once again it is demonstrated that we live in times of impunity without concessions. The Zapatista commanders justifiably and indignantly acknowledge that they have no reason to trust in the justice of those from above. Justice which lamentably doesn’t have impartiality and objectivity and which, dealing with social movements or sectors outside the political and economic elites, consistently avoids the historical truth or fabricates it, as in the Ayotzinapa case.

In their comunicado of 16th August, Subcomandantes Moisés and Galeano reported that: “two of the intellectual authors of the murder of the compañero and teacher Galeano have returned to their homes in the community of La Realidad. They were supposedly being held prisoner for the murder of our teacher and compañero. We now know that they have been declared innocent of this crime by the same people who financed and supported them: the federal and Chiapas state governments. On 12th August 12 this year, the self-appointed “judge” Victor Manuel Zepeda López, of the criminal court in Comitán de Domínguez, Chiapas, declared that Mr. Carmelino Rodríguez Jiménez and Mr. Javier López Rodríguez are innocent, despite that fact that they and their accomplices in the CIOAC-Histórica know that they are guilty of organizing the crime. They aren’t the only ones responsible, but they are guilty.” The director of Frayba, Pedro Faro, pointed out that both of the indigenous Tojolabales were allegedly released with the argument that “the witnesses retracted their statements and the agent of the Public Ministry did not witness the dead body” of the Zapatista ‘little school’ teacher. He asserted that there are also 10 outstanding arrest warrants for members of the Cioac-H –accused of being involved in the events– which have not been executed, although 15 months have now passed (La Jornada, 22/8/15).

We remember that on 2nd May, 2014, members of the CIOAC-H murdered José Luis Solís López, the teacher Galeano, a Zapatista from La Realidad community, with firearms and machetes. The Zapatista comandancia pointed out at that time that: 1) it was a pre-planned attack, militarily organized and carried out with malice, premeditation and advantage. And it is an attack inscribed in a climate created and encouraged from above; 2) the directors of the so-called Cioac-Historica, the Green Ecologist Party (the name with which the PRI governs in Chiapas), the National Action Party and the Institutional Revolutionary Party are implicated; and 3) at least the state government of Chiapas is implicated. The degree of involvement of the federal government, they pointed out, has not yet been determined. Today, as in the case of Acteal, they once again justify resolutions in counterinsurgency logic under the customary failures in due process.

We cannot assume that we’re dealing with a decision outside the political intention of provocation of the EZLN and specifically of the Zapatista bases in the emblematic community of La Realidad. Apparently, they seek to inflame local confrontation, with paramilitary support, in order to prevent co-odination with the other movements in the country which are organized in resistance, like the Yaqui, Xochicuautla, Ostula, Ayotzinapa or the democratic teachers, among many others that the Subcomandantes indicate in their comunicado.

Nor is this scenario foreign to the very soon-to-be-announced project that Enrique Peña Nieto will send to Congress as an initiative for authorizing the federal Executive in his decision to create special economic zones in Oaxaca, Chiapas and Guerrero,[1] with the argument of facilitating strategic transnational investment and, according to the Treasury Secretary: “in these states one does not observe the positive (sic) effects of the Free Trade Agreement entering into effect or of the insertion of Mexico into globalization.” They add that now welfare handouts and extreme poverty will be overcome. They are going all out over the territories, and their plan against the indigenous peoples is underway.

This is the reason for re-activating the tension in La Realidad, in order to extend a local circle around the EZLN; for defending the Army at all costs in the Tlatlaya, Tanhuato, Apatzingán and Ayotzinapa cases; for keeping the Yaqui Mario Luna in prison, as well as Nestora Salgado and Cemeí Verdía, for concentrating 15,000 members of the Federal Police in Oaxaca to contain the teachers’ protest. All this while the mantle of impunity is extended, self-exoneration and self-forgiveness are announced in the so-called Casa Blanca case, and incapacity and a chain of complicity are exhibited in the escape of El Chapo Guzmán, which will not be included in the next Presidential Report. The coming months will be crucial for stopping this offensive. The Zapatistas said well in their recent seminar Critical Thought versus the Capitalist Hydra: things are bad, and they are going to get worse.

Note:

[1] Last November (2014), Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto announced that he would propose the creation of 3 “special economic zones” to Congress. These 3 zones would be: 1) the Inter-Oceanic Industrial Corridor on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, which will connect the Pacific with the Gulf of Mexico; 2) a second zone at Puerto Chiapas; and 3) the third in the municipalities adjacent to Port Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán, which borders on Guerrero. http://www.eldiarioexterior.com/el-sur-de-mexico-nuevo-44907.htm

In July of this year (2015), Peña Nieto reiterated his intent to send this proposal to the new Congress in September. http://mexico.cnn.com/nacional/2015/07/06/pena-propondra-al-nuevo-congreso-crear-zonas-economicas-antipobreza

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Originally Published in Spanish by La Jornada

Translation: Chiapas Support Committee

Minor edits for UK readers: Dorset Chiapas Solidarity

Tuesday, August 25, 2015

En español http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2015/08/25/opinion/022a1pol

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Monthly commemoration of Las Abejas of Acteal – August 2015

Filed under: Acteal, Indigenous — Tags: , , , — dorsetchiapassolidarity @ 6:29 am

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Monthly commemoration of Las Abejas of Acteal – August 2015

Las Abejas de Acteal @KomanIlel

Las Abejas de Acteal @KomanIlel

As during every other month, the Las Abejas Civil Society of Acteal commemorated the Acteal massacre using words compiled in a communique on 22 August. Las Abejas denounced that “in Mexico there exists a pestilent and chronic disease called impunity. To put an end to this condition we must do something; that is to say, we must work and struggle.”

Las Abejas recalled that on 12 August, while they were holding a press-conference to denounce the release of the paramilitaries who committed the Acteal massacre, “Mr. Víctor Manuel Zepeda López, the supposed judge of the circuit including Comitán de Domínguez, Chiapas, released Messrs. Carmelino Rodríguez Jiménez and Javier López Rodríguez, who are responsible for the attack on our brother and comrade Galeano […]. And as they know they have the support of the bad government, the murderous paramilitaries return here to do what they wish.”

Las Abejas finalized their communique affirming that “the deaf ears of the murderous bad government must come to know and understand our eyes and our consciences, which see the attacks and aggressions committed by the paramilitaries and party-members against our Zapatista brothers and sisters and other peoples in struggle” and the struggle “for Truth, Memory, Justice, and Non-Forgetting.”

https://sipazen.wordpress.com/2015/09/11/chiapas-monthly-commemoration-of-las-abejas-of-acteal/

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August 17, 2015

Las Abejas Civil Society denounce impunity once again

Filed under: Acteal — Tags: , — dorsetchiapassolidarity @ 5:43 pm

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Las Abejas Civil Society denounce impunity once again

Victims of the massacre @SIPAZ

Victims of the massacre @SIPAZ

On June 22nd, the day for the monthly commemoration of the Acteal massacre (1997) in which 45 people were murdered, the Las Abejas Civil Society of Acteal denounced impunity for the massacre as well for the murder of its member Manual López Pérez. Their communiqué stressed that “The authorities of bad government, “the Prosecutorial Office of Indigenous Justice, ” “the Agrarian Tribunal,” and the municipal president and judge of Pantelhó, had been informed that their comrade Manuel was risking his life, as his own son, Alonso López Guzman, had threatened to kill him on several occasions.

The June murder has been connected to the lack of justice that still prevails since the massacre of 1997. “Almost 18 years after the atrocity, the Mexican State, instead of assuring the non-repetition of Acteal or reprisal murders of a member of our organization, is based fundamentally on impunity, which is bought through the misnamed Supreme Court for Justice (SCJN) in the Nation, a court of criminals and rich people that allowed that crime against us. The so-called Supreme Court liberated the paramilitary group that performed the massacre of Acteal. Their message is that killing innocent people is not punished but on the contrary is rewarded with money, houses, and land.”

https://sipazen.wordpress.com/2015/08/17/chiapas-las-abejas-civil-society-denounce-impunity-once-again/

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May 12, 2014

Reino Unido exige justicia por Bachajón

Filed under: Bachajon — Tags: , , , , — dorsetchiapassolidarity @ 5:51 pm

 

Reino Unido exige justicia por Bachajón

Como parte de la campaña mundial de acción en apoyo a la comunidad indígena tzeltal de San Sebastián Bachajón, ubicada en el estado de Chiapas, al sureste de México, fue entregada esta semana a la Embajada de México en Londres, una carta abierta proveniente de grupos de todo el Reino Unido. Los ejidatarios que viven allí están totalmente comprometidos con una lucha heroica en contra del gobierno federal, estatal y municipal
y de las empresas a las que sirven. Su lucha es en contra del despojo y del desplazamiento de sus tierras comunales ancestrales, y es también en defensa de su modo de vida, de sus usos y costumbres, y su derecho “a ser lo que somos.”

A consecuencia de su determinación a resistir y no renunciar a su tierra y territorio, -que para ellos es la madre tierra, y que representa la vida, la esperanza, la dignidad y la supervivencia-, el líder muy querido y vocero de la comunidad, Juan Vázquez Guzmán fue asesinado salvajemente con armas de fuego de alto calibre el año pasado. Es en su memoria y honor que las dos semanas han sido celebradas, desde Canadá hasta India. En otro intento inútil de acabar con la lucha del pueblo de San Sebastián Bachajón, otro activista del ejido, Juan Carlos Gómez Silvano, también fue asesinado a más de 20 disparos en marzo de este año.

Ambos asesinatos han tenido lugar con una impunidad completa, y en su carta los integrantes de la Red de Solidaridad Zapatista del Reino Unido expresan su indignación por estas muertes crueles, reafirman su apoyo y solidaridad total a los ejidatarios de San Sebastián Bachajón en su lucha, y rinden homenaje a los dos activistas asesinados. Además, la Red denuncia el clima creciente de violencia, despojo e impunidad en México, que va dirigida a los pueblos indígenas, defensores de la tierra y del territorio, a los que luchan por la justicia social, a los defensores de derechos humanos, a los y las periodistas, y a todos los que están resistiendo en contra de las fuerzas de dominación neoliberal. En la carta se pide un regreso a los principios éticos y a la justicia. Además se cuestiona la falta de rendición de cuentas de los que tratan de promover y acumular la riqueza individual a través de la desposesión.

 

A continuación el texto de la carta entregada:

Lic. Enrique Peña Nieto, Presidente de la República de México

Lic.  Manuel Velasco Coello, Gobernador Constitucional del Estado de Chiapas

Lic. Leonardo Rafael Guirao Aguilar, Presidente Municipal de Chilón, Chiapas

Sr Alejandro Ives Estivill Castro, embajador de México en el Reino Unido

Embajada de México

16 St George Street

Londres

W1S 1FD

Estimados Licenciados,

Asunto: ética, impunidad y despojo en el ejido San Sebastián Bachajón, municipio de Chilón, Chiapas, y en todo México.

noalaguerraLos abajo firmantes nos reunimos el pasado 27 de abril de 2014, en el encuentro nacional de la Red de Solidaridad Zapatista del Reino Unido, y acordamos escribir una carta dirigida  a ustedes, con el fin de expresar nuestra profunda preocupación por la creciente violencia física y estructural, -con fin de despojo-,  que actualmente se está cometiendo en México con impunidad total, y con desprecio completo de la legislación nacional e internacional y de las normas éticas.

Nuestra preocupación específica se centra en el ejido San Sebastián Bachajón, una comunidad donde la población sufre reiteradamente violencia, acoso, asesinato, encarcelamiento,  tortura e intimidación, como resultado de la lucha por la defensa de sus tierras comunales de propiedad ancestral. Sin embargo, creemos que los temas destacados en este ejido también pueden ser vistos a lo largo y ancho de México.

Los indígenas tzeltales del ejido San Sebastián Bachajón se enfrentan al despojo y desplazamiento  de su territorio, con el fin de que sea construido un exclusivo desarrollo turístico de élite. Dos de los líderes más activos y representantes de la comunidad recientemente fueron asesinados por armas de fuego de alto calibre, ellos son: Juan Vázquez Guzmán  asesinado el 24 de abril de 2013, y Juan Carlos Gómez Silvano asesinado el 21 de marzo de 2014. Nadie ha sido acusado como responsable material o intelectual de estas trágicas muertes, ni ha habido ningún castigo o justicia.

Creemos que estos asesinatos políticos reflejan también un racismo institucional, que se expresa a través de la persecución, la discriminación y la marginación de los pueblos indígenas. Desde 2007, alrededor de 150 habitantes tzeltales de Bachajón han sido encarcelados, como parte de un escenario más amplio en donde los pueblos indígenas sin recursos -y quienes con frecuencia no pueden leer, escribir ni entender el español-, son detenidos por crímenes que no han cometido, se les niega el acceso a un abogado o un representante que hable su idioma, son torturados para que confiesen  actos de los cuales no son responsables, y sin embargo, son encarcelados injustamente durante largo tiempo.

El ejido San Sebastián Bachajón es una de las muchas comunidades indígenas de México que está luchando en contra del despojo de sus tierras,  a causa de megaproyectos promovidos por los tres niveles de gobierno y los intereses de las grandes empresas; la ética y los derechos legales que las comunidades indígenas tienen sobre su tierra, han sido ignorados. Pareciera que hay aquí una cultura de impunidad, y que los que defienden la madre tierra en México son asesinados, mientras que los asesinos no son identificados ni castigados. Los ejidatarios de San Sebastián Bachajón afirman, “el gobierno utiliza la fuerza pública – es decir,  la policía estatal preventiva, el ejército y la policía federal- para atemorizar a las comunidades, e imponer el terror para conseguir sus objetivos.”

Nuevamente, creemos que se puede ver  aquí la tendencia a larga escala, que es la de la criminalización, la intimidación y la consumación de la protesta. Los asesinatos de periodistas, defensores de derechos humanos y activistas que defienden la tierra van en aumento. Parece ser parte de un mensaje que envían los poderosos para amenazar y aterrorizar a las personas que participan en los movimientos sociales y las movilizaciones de disidencia. Esto también se ha visto, por ejemplo, en regiones como San Salvador Atenco y muchas comunidades en el estado de Oaxaca.

Está claro que la cultura de impunidad se extiende también a los bancos y a las corporaciones multinacionales, a quienes se les permite saquear las tierras, extraer el corazón de la tierra, talar árboles, envenenar la tierra y el agua, robar los ríos y desplazar a las poblaciones originales, provocando la muerte, la enfermedad y la devastación forestal, con una impunidad total. Pareciera que el dinero puede comprar todo,  aun a costa de los habitantes originarios de estas tierras.

Vemos que el Estado a través de  la represión, el asesinato y la impunidad,  busca abrirse paso para asegurar la entrega de la tierra para la implementación de proyectos de alta escala, diseñados por organismos  corporativos privados e internacionales. Esta es una parte integral de la estrategia de despojo de los pueblos indígenas, de la misma manera que lo que sucede actualmente en el ejido San Sebastián Bachajón.

Como apoyo a los derechos de este pueblo, nos dirigimos a ustedes con estas preocupaciones. Insistimos en que es esencial y fundamental garantizar  la seguridad y asegurar el bienestar de los que buscan la defensa de las tierras comunales de los pueblos indígenas en contra del saqueo y el despojo.

Ofrecemos nuestro apoyo total a la comunidad de San Sebastián Bachajón, en su lucha en curso. Levantamos nuestras voces para exigir justicia y pedir fin a la impunidad. Exigimos el respeto a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas tzeltales de San Sebastián Bachajón, establecidos en el Convenio 169 de la OIT sobre pueblos indígenas y tribales, y en la Declaración de la ONU sobre los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas, los cuales han sido firmados por el gobierno mexicano. Además, exigimos que sus derechos éticos y morales con relación a la justicia, la libertad y una vida digna sean respetados.

Por ello exigimos lo siguiente:

 

  • Una investigación exhaustiva y justa de los autores materiales e intelectuales de los asesinatos de Juan Vázquez Guzmán y Juan Carlos Gómez Silvano, y el castigo a los responsables.
  • El respeto de los derechos humanos fundamentales de los pueblos indígenas tzeltales de San Sebastián Bachajón, y las garantías para su seguridad e integridad.
  • El respeto y garantía de su derecho al uso y goce pleno de su territorio, y a la libre determinación y la construcción de su autonomía.
  • Poner fin al saqueo y el despojo, el robo de bienes comunes, la militarización de la zona, y las amenazas y la violencia que se vive ahí.
  • Una resolución justa, imparcial y objetiva del amparo 274/2011

Seguiremos muy de cerca y estaremos pendientes de la evolución de los
acontecimientos en la zona de San Sebastián Bachajón, y responsabilizaremos a los tres niveles de gobierno de cualquier tipo de violencia, ataques, asesinatos o actos de hostigamiento o intimidación que puedan producirse hacia  los adherentes ejidatarios a la Sexta Declaración, o a sus representantes legales y solidarios.

Aterrorizar a un pueblo para que renuncien a sus tierras es a la misma vez ilegal e inmoral. El dinero no puede comprar la absolución. La impunidad no es la justicia.

 

Atentamente,

 

UK Zapatista Solidarity Network:

-Dorset Chiapas Solidarity Group

-Edinburgh Chiapas Solidarity Group

-Kiptik (Bristol)

-London Mexico Solidarity Group

-Manchester Zapatista Collective

-UK Education, Culture and Communication team

-UK Zapatista Translation Service

-Zapatista Solidarity Group – Essex

-Individuos e integrantes de la red

 

 

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